These ships carry the widest range of cargoes of any dry bulk size segment and mostly carry minor bulks and grain.
They are usually equipped with cargo-handling gear (cranes or derricks) and are widely used on routes to and from draft-restricted ports that (a) cannot receive larger ships and (b) often lack their own land-based cargo-handling equipment; often located in the developing nations.
Many of these ships are extensively empoyed on intra-regional, shorter-haul trades. Special designs of ship are associated with the carriage of such cargoes as steel products and logs (i.e. open-hatch and log-fitted vessels); while some variants also exist in terms of cargo-handling equipment, e.g. grab-fitted tonnage possessing scoops that facilitate easier unloading of certain cargo types.
Although the 10-39,999 dwt size definition includes small Handysizes of below 20,000 dwt, the vast majority of the fleet is concentrated in the 25-29,999 dwt, 30-34,999 dwt and 35-39,999 dwt sizes.
This segment of the dry bulk carrier fleet contains three distinct sub-categories – the traditional Handymax size (40-49,999dwt), the Supramax size (50-59,999dwt) and the Ultramax size (60-64,999 dwt).
Despite their increased size, these vessels retain a degree of trading flexibility as their cargo gear enables them to load and/or discharge at ports with limited facilities.
They are more widely deployed on longer-haul routes than Handysizes.
The new generation of Supramax and Ultramax vessels are competing for business on Panamax routes.
Our Handysize, Handymax and Supramax drybulk carriers carry grain, iron and steel products, fertilizers, minerals, forest products, ores, bauxite, alumina, cement, salt, sugar, sand and other construction materials. These raw materials and products are used as production inputs in a number of industries. We transport these various cargoes on several geographical routes.